Repair & Conserve
Repair & Conserve was a small research project implemented during the summer of 2021. Three master students, funded by the UiO:Energy programme, Hanna Vandeskog, Lorena Schwab, and Debby Wanja, and their three supervisor-collaborators, Eléonore Maitre-Ekern, Christian Medaas, and Maja van der Velden, jumped on their bikes and criss-crossed Oslo, looking for small independent electronics repair shops. The ongoing corona situation didn't make things always easy, but the three students were able to implement 27 interviews with different repair shops.
Norway ranks nr. 1 on the Human Development Index (HDI), but nr. 158 on the Sustainable Development Index (SDI). The SDI calculates the ecological efficiency of nations in delivering human development by adding consumption-based CO2 emissions to the HDI. This is the consequence of Norway's high consumption level. Norway ranks nr. 5 on the global list of household final consumption expenditure per capita. As a result, Norway has reached another top ranking; it ranks nr. 1 in the world in generating electronic waste per capita.
What does this have to conserving energy? Energy is not only used by electronic devices, it is also stored in them in the form of the energy that was used to produce the materials and manufacture the devices. For example, the carbon footprint of the production of your mobile phone is about 16-20 kg CO2 and of your laptop 150-200 kg CO2. Extending the lifetime of an electronic device is therefore an important measure to compensate for the emissions from production, manufacturing, distribution, and recycling of electronics.Repair plays a central role in extending the lifespan of a product. We can study repair in different ways. In thisproject we look at the role of independent electronics repair shops. These shops often implement repair on products that are no longer covered by warranties or service contracts or products that are bought second-hand.